The olive tree is a typical arboreal crop of all the countries of the Mediterranean basin. In Italy this plant is of particular economic importance especially for the southern regions. Olive cultivation is in fact widespread on a large scale in Puglia, Calabria and Sicilia.
The most significant share of the national utilized agricultural area (UAA) is concentrated in the regions mentioned and the economic weight of olive growing on the local agricultural system is significant.
The olive oil supply chain
The olive-oil production chain is characterized by a very accentuated pyramidal structure: in the face of a large agricultural production base (over 1 million hectares of olive trees and an almost equal number of owners), there is an articulated phase of primary transformation and a very small group of buyers on behalf of the distribution structures.